While much of our work thus far has been opposing the active construction of the Gulf Coast Segment of the Keystone XL, we recognize the dire need to generalize and expand resistance to other infrastructure projects which are being built to move and refine Tar Sands crude throughout the Great Plains and Central Plains.
We seek to move the struggle against ecological destruction and environmental genocide from the more broad, representational format of the mainstream climate justice movement to an analysis that is localized and based on specific infrastructure projects that must be built to actualize the Tar Sands gigaproject in “Alberta”–as well as the struggles of individuals living with the effects of toxic extraction, refining, violations of their tribal sovereignty, theft of land, and the never-ending list of insults and injuries that coercive corporations and governments perpetrate.
While this list is in progress and not all-inclusive, it does however highlight some of the projects that we hope to oppose. We are excited to work together with folks living near these projects and those currently organizing against these projects.
Get in contact with us at [email protected]
Enbridge is currently working on overhauling their North American pipeline infrastructure, managing to sneak a series of upgrades and expansions which will essentially result in their own “Keystone XL” right past the mainstream environmental movement. This network, which includes the Alberta Clipper, Line 5, the very same Line 6b which ruptured in “Michigan,” the Flanagan South, and the Seaway Pipeline.
FLANAGAN SOUTH (Enbridge)
The Flanagan South pipeline is a component of a larger pipeline expansion project from Enbridge, and will go from Flanagan, IL to Cushing, OK by way of “Missouri” and “Kansas,” with a final capacity of 775,000 barrels of diluted bitumen per day.
The pipeline is planned to parallel the existing Spearhead pipeline system and utilize existing pump stations, for the most part. Papers have reported that pipeline construction is slated to begin in July in Illinois, and August in Missouri. Contractors have not been selected at this point.
WHITING, INDIANA REFINERY (BP)
In 2008, a “modernization process” began at the Whiting Refinery on the south shore of Lake Michigan–and by “modernization” of course, it is meant that it’s ability to process and refine diluted bitumen and other heavy, sour crude will be increased. Prior to the upgrade process, only 20% of the refinery’s capacity was diluted bitumen or heavy crude, and at the end, it will be 85%. Among the upgrades, there is the second largest “delayed coker” in the world, being able to process 102,000bpd–which should sound an alarm if you’re familiar with the fate of petcoke derived from diluted bitumen in other cities.
Below is a list of projects being proposed for expansion of Bakken shale transportation infrastructure.
Pony Express Pipeline
The Pony Express Pipeline (PXP) is slated to increase capacity for transporting Bakken crude from Guerney, “Wyoming,” to Cushing by way of existing pipe and a new extension going from Lincoln, “Kansas,” to Cushing. Total capacity will vary from 230,000 to 320,000 barrels per day. 430 miles of existing Liquid Natural Gas Pipeline is scheduled to be converted to carry the Bakken crude, followed by an additional 260 miles of new construction. New pump stations and metering facilities will need to be constructed.
This pipeline will run through Ponca City, on Ponca land-by-treaty. The ConocoPhillips refinery there, which also processes 8% diluted bitumen, has a horrible history of poisoning the surrounding community.