The Composting toilet system is also known as a dry toilet since no water is used for flushing it. In this toilet system, human waste is treated and decomposed into a precious material rich in nitrogen, and this material can be used to enrich the soil with nutrients. Human waste has high water percentage content; therefore, the composting toilet system evaporates this water to the environment and changes the remaining solid waste into useful fertilizers. Additives such as sawdust and wood chips are used in this toilet system, for they help to create air spaces in human waste. These air spaces are essential because they boost aerobic decomposition and minimize the bad smell. Also, the composting toilet system does not require any connection to the sewer system or septic containers like flushing toilets do.
Types of composting toilet system
- Splint system
One type of composting toilet is the splint toilet system is divided into two sections, knows as the pedestal. These pedestal sections are the tank that is fixed below the floor, and the human waste is collected here. The other part is the seat set above the floor where an individual sits when excreting the waste. The split system toilets are spacious and have size-able holding capacity; hence they can be installed in places with multiple users, for example, in the parks, sports clubs, and clubhouses.
2.Tiger worm toilet system
Tiger worm toilet uses the worms to decompose human waste. This toilet has two different sections; one is the filter bed where the solid waste is collected, and the other is the filter medium where the urine and the flushing water drains. The worms and the bacteria digest the human waste and convert it into humus or fertilizer. The worms are essential because they absorb the feces faster; therefore, they help to reduce the rate of waste accumulation in this toilet system.
- Self-contained system
The self-contained system is also called an active composer. This toilet is a single complete unit since the pedestal, and the container is fixed as one system. This toilet system occupies a small space when set; hence it’s suitable for tiny houses.
The reasons why the composting toilets systems are suitable for the environment.
The soil, water, air, and animals are the main components of the environment. Therefore, it is essential to ensure that these components of the environment are protected and conserved in all ways possible. Here are the main reasons why composting toilets systems such as this one are suitable for the environment:
- Saves water
Water is an essential resource that living things depend on for them to live. Unfortunately, some places experience water scarcity; therefore, the composting toilet system is suitable in such areas. This is because composting toilets do not depend on water to operate at all; hence people save thousands of liters of water to cater to essential domestic use like cooking, drinking, and cleaning.
- Protection of water bodies
Most of the regular toilets drain their sewage waste in water bodies such as rivers and lakes. The wastes contaminate the water, and this leads to the spread of water-borne diseases once the water is consumed by human begins. Also, when this waste is drained into groundwater bodies, there is a high growth of weeds and algae because of the excess nitrogen that is produced by human waste. Therefore, when the plants multiply, they absorb the air that is in the water hence, minimizing the survival of aquatic animals. For that reason composting the toilet, the system is the best when it comes to water bodies’ protection since no human waste is drained into these water sources.
- Soil fertility preservation
This is another incredible reason why composting toilet systems are essential to the environment. The human waste in these toilets is decomposed and changed into organic fertilizers that enrich the soil with nutrients. One of the fantastic facts is that there is no addition of chemicals when decomposing human waste; therefore, the soil is supplied with nutrients, and this helps the soil retain its fertility for long. The commercial fertilizers contain harmful chemicals that make the soil lose productivity faster and contribute to the killing of the microorganisms present in the soil.
- Fresh odorless air
Bad and odor smell is one of the challenges people face when using ordinary toilets. However, if you choose the composting toilet, this problem will come to an end since they are entirely free from the odor and bad smell. Therefore, the air inside and outside your house will always be clean and fresh.